Since it's a new year now I guess a good way to start off is with the Norwegian words for the months and days of the week.
Both of these are pretty simple, since the words are fairly similar to English, and if you remember a little about Norse mythology there is also a connection between the naming of the days and the Norse Gods.
Weekdays - Ukedager (Ookeh-dagger, Singular Ukedag/weekday en ukedag/a weekday)
Monday - Mandag - Derived from the Old Norse Máni
Tuesday - Tirsdag - Derived from Tyr
Wednesday - Onsdag - Derived from Odin
Thursday - Torsdag - From Thor
Friday - Fredag - From the Goddess Frigg
Saturday - Lørdag - Not derived from a God, this one comes from the Old Norse word for 'day of washing'
Sunday - Søndag - Like Mandag, Søndag is derived from the word for Sun, thus, "day of the sun"
Hopefully everyone at least has an idea of who Thor and Odin where, the others are probably a bit less well known, but the links are there if you want to read up a little more on your Norse Paganism. Next is the months of the year:
Months - Måneder (Moh-neh-der)
January - januar (Jan-you-are)
February - februar (Feb-roo-are)
March - mars (Marsh)
April - april (Aypril)
May - mai (Mai)
June - juni (Youni)
July - juli (Yuli)
August - august (August)
September - september (September)
October - oktober (Oktober)
November - november (November)
December - desember (December)
As you might have noticed, none of the Norwegian month names have capital letters. Unlike in English, these are not capitalized unless it's at the start of a sentence. But as you will have also noticed, the English words for most of the days of the week, and months, are practically the same as English, so it's very easy to learn.
So, good luck.